Kaua’i Fun Facts
Kaua`i is the state of Hawaii’s fourth largest island and is also known as the “Garden Island”. Kaua`i’s formation comes mainly from volcanic matter, covered by mountains. The highest mountain, Kawaikini Peak, measures at 5243 feet above sea level. With the fertile soil on this island, fruits and flowers are abundant. Kaua`i is also known for its canyons, the deepest of which is Waimea, going 10 miles directly into the Earth. Most people have no idea that these canyons are so deep. If you are brave enough, you can take a guided expedition down the canyons (it is highly recommended not to take this trip on your own). Be sure to check out Na Pali Coast while on Kaua`i; it is breathtaking. The steep landscape, however, makes it impossible for road navigation, so tread carefully and consider seeing it from a chartered boat. Also, the wettest spot on Earth, with an annual average rainfall of 460 inches, is located on the east side of Mount Wai`ale`ale, in the very heart of Kaua`i. The main population centers of Kaua`i are Lihue and Kapa`a. The area of Kaua`i County is 552 square miles and combined population more than 58,000.
Historically, Kaua`i was the last Hawaiian island to be added to King Kamehameha’s Kingdom of Hawaii in the 1800s due to strong resistance by Kaua`i’s ruler, Kaumuali`i. In face of threat and invasion, Kaumuali`i chose to join the kingdom without bloodshed in 1810. Just like most of Hawaii, the sugarcane industry was the first industry in Kaua`i. The first sugarcane plantation started operations in 1835 and in just 2 years’ time, it produced 2 tons of raw sugar.
Some other fun facts about Kaua`i include:
- The official color is purple
- The official flower for leis is the mokihana
- Kaua`i is the legendary home of the Menehune, a mythical race of very small people who performed legendary feats of construction and engineering
- Kaua`i has the only navigable rivers in the state of Hawaii
- Kauai Coffee is the largest coffee plantation in the United States
- Ninety-seven percent of the land is used for agriculture and conservation
- Seventy percent of the island is inaccessible by foot
- Kaua`i's weather is near perfect year-round with daytime temperatures ranging from the mid-70s to the mid-80s, slightly warmer in the summer
- Kaua`i is approximately 30 minutes from Honolulu by air
- Kaua`i is the oldest and northernmost major island of the Hawaiian islands
- Kaua`i is the most isolated inhabited landmass in the world
- Kaua`i Law prohibits building any structure "higher than the palm trees"
- Kaua`i is known for its beautiful waterfalls
- Kaua`i has 113 miles of shoreline and 50 of those miles are incredible sandy beaches
- Captain Cook made his first landing in the Hawaiian Islands at Waimea beach on Kaua`i
- "Lilo and Stitch" creators modeled the movie's town on Hanapepe; “Thorn Birds” was partially filmed here
- Kaua`i grows more taro than any other island
- Historic Kilauea Lighthouse has the world's largest clamshell lens
- Kaua`i is the only island without the mongoose